Text Box: Figure 1 Orbiting carbon observatory300px-Orbiting_Carbon_Observatory_1.jpg Due 11/7/2014 Studnet must submit paper to www.turnitin.com . Students are assigned to write a persuasive writing paper on carbon dioxide production from the burning of fossil fuel or Global Warming / Climate Change.  The author must convince their audience of the impact or lack of an impact associated with burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas.  Will nonrenewable fuels last forever?  When will they run out on the Earth?  What is the percentage of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?  Does this number stay constant, since most of the carbon dioxide is absorbed into the oceans?  While like an expository essay in its presentation of facts, the goal of the persuasive essay is to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view or recommendation. The writer must build a case using facts and logic, as well as examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation why a certain position is correct.   Carbon dioxide is heavier than air, so it will go to the lowest point or sea level.  What are the effects associated with acidification of the oceans? The world's oceans have become 26% more acidic since the start of the Industrial Revolution and continue to acidify at an "unprecedented rate," threatening marine ecosystems, aquaculture and the societies that rely on them, scientists say.  http://www.cnn.com/2013/11/14/world/ocean-acidification-report/  How will the acidification of the oceans affect the audience of the writer?  The effect of higher carbon dioxide levels on plant function is an important process that needs greater consideration,” said Donohue. “Even if nothing else in the climate changes as global CO2 levels rise, we will still see significant environmental changes because of the CO2 fertilization effect.   Also, the team found that when glaciers melt, they reduce the pressure on continents, while sea-Text Box: Figure 2 More volcanic activity on the way?LS_121018_HawaiiLava.jpglevel rise increases pressures on the ocean floor crust. In the computer model, the change in pressures on the Earth's crust seem to cause increases in volcanism. In general, the speed of the transition from ice age to melting, rather than the total amount of melting, predicted how intensely the volcanic eruptions increased, she said.  http://www.livescience.com/25936-climate-change-causes-volcanism.html Does the author need to convince their audience of the need to be prepared for future volcanic eruptions?  
If greenhouse warming causes a substantial increase in hurricane activity, then the century scale increase in global and tropical Atlantic SSTs since the late 1800s should have been accompanied by a long-term rising trend in measures of Atlantic hurricanes activity.  http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/historical-atlantic-hurricane-and-tropical-storm-records   The Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act is being rolled out in stages, with a major part having gone into effect on Oct 1. It removes subsidies that keep federal flood insurance premiums artificially low for more than a million policy holders around the country — a discount that was applied to properties that existed before the drawing of flood insurance rate maps. The new law is designed to move people away from flood prone areas, because of the recent high costs of storms like Katrina and Sandy.  http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/13/us/cost-of-flood-insurance-rises-along-with-worries.html?_r=0  Is it likely that we will see a similar hike in home insurance for tornados with the intent to build smaller homes or encourage people to live in buildings that are more concrete and steel in structure as found in cities? http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamestaylor/2013/07/10/global-warming-no-satellites-show-carbon-dioxide-is-causing-global-greening/   The real issue is not global warming, it is the fact that we will eventually run out of fossil fuels.  These fuels are non-renewable, which means they take over 100 years to make.  The following link provides some future alternatives.  The artificial leaf holds the most promise. http://edition.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/business/2014/04/10/spc-make-create-innovate-artificial-leaf.cnn.html Will people be ready to embrace changes to their lifestyle when fossil fuels are no longer available to heat our homes or provide easy transportation? http://www.accuweather.com/en/home-garden-articles/earth-you/west-antarcticas-incredible-we/34968587


Thinking About the Writing Prompt

Taking time to think about the prompt and to plan your writing will improve the quality of your final essay. Planning can help you compose a more organized, polished response. Use this guide to plan your composition.
1. Read the prompt carefully and restate it in your own words. Think specifically about what the prompt is asking you to do (for example, make an argument, tell a story, or explain a process)._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


2. After you have thought about the prompt and it is clear what you’re being asked to do, write one or two sentences describing your initial reaction to the prompt. This may be the basis for your thesis statement, or the main idea of your essay. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Read the reminder list (questions to ask about the prompt) that follows the prompt. (If you are still unclear about the prompt, the list may help you better understand it.) Think about those items that you have particular trouble with and write them down. Explain how to avoid those mistakes in your writing. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. Brainstorm ideas, details, or information to support your response to the prompt. You may use a brainstorming technique such as freewriting, making a list, or creating a web.  Record anything that comes to mind.  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. Review the things you wrote as you brainstormed. What ideas support your thesis statement?
What details add information to those supporting ideas? Underline or highlight the ideas and details you plan to use in your composition. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. There are many ways to organize your ideas. You may wish to use a visual representation such as a web, an outline, or a chart. The graphic organizers that follow are some examples of ways to structure your ideas. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Organizer for Expository/Persuasive Writing
This organizer is useful for many types of writing, including expository and persuasive essays. Use the thesis statement from the Respond exercise and the ideas from the Record and Review exercises to complete the graphic organizer. You may add additional Supporting Ideas and Details as necessary.

Introductory Paragraph/Thesis Statement:
Concluding Paragraph/Restatement of Thesis:
Supporting Idea:
Supporting Idea:
Supporting Idea:

Concluding Paragraph/Restatement of Thesis:

Main Idea  (50 points)
□ The subject matter I chose is appropriate for the prompt and contains work cited references at the bottom of the page.
Supporting Details  (50 points)
□ The details I include are clearly related to the subject matter. Picture of student associated with the topic.  Use the insert caption icon to describe the picture.  Do not place a picture in the article without a description.
□ I include enough details to support my main idea. Picture of topic.  Use pixlr.com to alter the picture 30%.

Organization (50 points)
□ My composition has a strong beginning, a well-developed middle, and an effective ending.
□ My essay follows a clear, logical progression.
Coherence  ( 50 points)
□ I establish relationships between ideas in my composition.
□ I use transitional words and phrases, parallel structure, and other techniques to connect sentences and paragraphs.
□ I use effective sentence structure and word choice. Write in complete sentences.
• Write coherent and well-developed paragraphs.
• Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization. Punctuation includes questions, exclamation marks, and commas to deliver an exciting writing piece.